Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis in Dogs

We recently treated a sweet dog named Daisy (a 7-year-old Yorkie) who was suffering from hemorrhagic gastroenteritis and bloody diarrhea. When a dog develops hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (also called HGE), it can appear without warning and the main symptoms are bloody diarrhea and vomiting. Symptoms the pet may be experiencing include abdominal pain, decreased appetite, lethargy or fatigue, and fever. HGE can affect dogs of any breed, age, size, or gender, but it is most common in the smaller or toy breeds. Some breeds most commonly affected include:

  • Miniature French Poodles
  • Miniature Schnauzers
  • Yorkshire Terriers
  • Pekingese
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • Shetland Sheepdog
  • Poodle

The Causes of HGE

While the exact causes of HGE are largely unknown, it has been determined that the condition is often related to the following issues or concerns:

  • Dietary indiscretion, such as ingesting non-food items or food that the dog is not accustomed to eating
  • Immune-mediated diseases
  • Toxins
  • Pancreatitis
  • Stress or anxiety
  • Hyperactivity
  • Intestinal parasites
  • Bacteria

Dogs who suffer from HGE once may be more likely to develop it in the future. There are ways to minimize the likelihood of developing this condition. We can recommend high-quality commercial diets, refraining from offering extra treats or unusual foods, preventing parasites, and more. We can offer advice on an individual basis, based on your pet’s specific needs and your concerns.

Update on Daisy

Sweet little Daisy was treated with IV fluids, antibiotics, and stomach protectants for 24 hours and we sent her home on a bland diet. She has improved and is now doing great!